Should Korea Reunited?
By: Yun & Devin
May 17, 2019
Pros - Yun
About 75 years ago, Korea was divided into north and south. Due to the Korean War, many families were separated. Korea’s economy faced a huge downfall as well. Even a few decades ago, many wanted to reunite the divided nation. Today, however, people are ceasing to support the reunification of the Korean peninsula.
First of all, Korea should be unified because they used to be one unified country. Although it is true that the reunification will affect South Korea’s economy, it is very natural that the country, which was originally one, unite again. In the past, there was a lot of people who tried to reunite, so we should respect them and continue the reunification work.
Interestingly, reunification will affect South Korea's economy for the first few years, and there will be more things you could do after the reunification than things you can not do. In fact, it is foolish to not unify because of the economy since the benefit of reunification is greater than the cost. For example, reconciliation is a priceless experience that people with separated family will have.
Furthermore, once the country is united, the technology of South Korea and the labor force of North Korea will collaborate and produce better technology and products that are useful for many things.
Moreover, Korea will become a stronger and more economically advanced country. Korea will be the center of Russia, China, and Northeast Asia and gain more trust from other countries. Also, North Korea has many natural resources, and by exporting minerals and resources from undeveloped areas in North Korea, it will benefit Korea’s economy a lot.
Finally, and most importantly, God commanded us to love and help each other. John 13:34-35 states, “Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.” Therefore we have to unify since it is God’s will.
CONS - Devin
Although unification might sound great by looking at the example Germany has set up, there are many reasons why it isn’t beneficial or even possible at all in case of North and South Korea. First of all, the cost is the problem; it is estimated that for ten years, it will take Korea about 169,808,000,000 dollars. We don’t even know how long/much it’s gonna take.
Second, the reasons for unification are weak. To understand this, we referred to the Unification Consciousness 2016 and 2017 Unification Consciousness Survey prepared by the Institute for Unification and Peace at Seoul National University. First of all, about 50 percent of South Koreans think reunification is necessary, and here are the reasons why the people are in favor The biggest reason is simply 'because they are of the same ethnicity' and they range from 40 percent to 50 percent from 2007 to 2017. Also, the reason for eliminating the threat of war is from 2007 to 2017 with 20 percent to 30 percent, and the reason for 'to solve the pain of separated families' and 'to become a more advanced country' is almost equally third with 10 percent to 15 percent, respectively.
The reason is different in the case of North Korea. According to a survey conducted by Satimin from 2014 to 2016, between 20 percent and 30 percent of the citizens think unification should be done because they are "the same people", and nearly 50 percent of them said that the unification will " make a good living for the North Korean people". bout 10 percent of them left comments that they would like to “relieve the pain of separated families” and “the threat of war”.
Ultimately, unification is both socially and ethically impossible. This is because unification is expected to bring about strong social structure resulting from differences in consciousness about unification between the peoples of the two Koreas, and with the North Korean government, which severely suppresses human rights, the Republic of Korea lacks the period justification for reunification when it is already recognized internationally as a different sovereign state, both expressly and practically, and creates ethical problems by itself. What all the people in South and North Korea need is freedom and peace. Now it is strongly speculated that unification will hinder this, and today it is only a specter of short-sighted history.