Should abortion be legal?  

 

By: Paul and Jaeeun

April 12, 2019

Pros

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In respect of greater emphasis on personal choices, abortion has gained more support in contemporary society. Apart from moral issues behind abortion which still remains fickle, it is essential for the legislature to weigh the costs and benefits of abortion and decide what is best for the society as whole. Taking multiple factors into consideration, it is reasonable to state that abortion is justifiable and thereby should be legalized.

Abortion is an act of ending unwanted pregnancy. According to Planned Parenthood, there are two types of abortion: the abortion pill and in-clinic abortion. The abortion pill is the usage of two medicines--mifepristone and misoprostol-- to harmlessly terminate premature pregnancy. The in-clinic abortion is the procedure done at medical clinic to cease later pregnancy. As the fetus is still inside the mother’s womb when the abortion occurs, it is difficult to perceive the fetus as a separate entity since the boundary between a human being and an aggregate of cells yet to be classified as a human is very ambiguous. In this sense, the mother, who is no doubt a human with her own rights to secure a healthy life, should be given the ultimate decision to determine whether to persist with the pregnancy or cease it.

It is true that abortion may sound immoral among individuals with different beliefs and views in ethics; however, the government clearly does not have the power to impose certain beliefs of the individuals on others. The law should be choice-oriented if it does not infringe on the rights of others and should consider the outcome of the unwanted birth of a baby. Therefore, if the mother thinks that she does not have the commitment to take care of the baby, she should have the choice to stop the pregnancy rather than having the government to force her to send the baby away for adoption or raise the baby in misfortune. With abortion being legal, the mother could openly seek advice based on her circumstance and make a decision that is best for her and the baby that is to be born.   

Sources: https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/abortion


Cons

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The word “abortion” carries quite a lot of emotion and weight. Killing a fetus is not an easy decision to make, yet is still performed both legally and illegally around the world. As of 2015, 638,169 legal induced abortions were reported to the Centers for Disease Control from 49 reporting areas in the United States, with the average abortion rate of 188 abortions per 1,000 live births(cdc.gov). However, is this procedure of killing a fetus acceptable in contemporary society?

With all due respect, I would I have to say that abortion is in fact an act of murder. The killing of an innocent human being is wrong, regardless of whether or not that person is born. Unborn babies are still considered human beings by the US government. According to the federal Unborn Victims of Violence Act, which was a law made to protect unborn children from assault and murder, it was stated that “anybody intentionally killing or attempting to kill an unborn child should be punished for intentionally killing a human being.” The act also states that an unborn child is still “a member of the species humo sapiens.” At least 38 states have passed similar fetal homicide laws.

Moreover, fetuses feel pain during the abortion process. Maureen Condic, PhD, Associate Professor of Neurobiology and Anatomy and Adjunct Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Utah School of Medicine, explained that “the most primitive response to pain, the spinal reflex”, is developed by the end of eight weeks in gestation.  To add to that there is a universal agreement that pain is detected by the fetus in the first trimester. Bernard N. Nathanson, MD, the late abortion doctor who renounced his earlier work and became a pro-life activist, stated that when an abortion is performed on a 12-week-old fetus, “in an ultrasound image, the child’s mouth open in a silent scream. This is the silent scream of a child threatened imminently with extinction.”

Lastly, this defies the word of God. The Bible does not specifically draw a distinction between fetuses and babies. he Greek word ‘brephos’ was used in the Bible to refer to both an unborn child and an infant. By the time a baby is conceived, he/she is recognized by God, as it is written in Jeremiah 1:5, “Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee.” This is also in the Sixth commandment in the Bible, where it says “THOU SHALL NOT KILL”. This applies to all human beings, including unborn babies. Destroying a living human being is not accepted, and therefore should not be legal no matter the circumstance, because it doesn’t change the fact that the fetus is living and growing in the mother’s womb.

Source: https://prezi.com/gtpvbovq6nyw/fetus-rights/

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